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国立図書館

国立図書館(こくりつとしょかん)は、国家やそれに準ずる機関により設置、運営される図書館。対応する英語のナショナル・ライブラリー (National Library) とほぼ同義である。

The Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya : Libraries , Colleges & Universities , Research Institutes , Academic Associations , Institutions & Organaizations






Goal [PDF: 57.1 KB / 1 p.] To increase the ability to share cataloguing information worldwide by promoting standards for the content of bibliographic and authority records used in library catalogues. Objective for the 3rd meeting To examine cataloguing codes currently used in the Arabic-speaking Middle East to compare their similarities and differences withe the 1961 Paris Principles; to review and possibly approve the 2003/2005 draft Statement of International Cataloguing Principles, from the European and the Latin American/Caribbean regional meetings of IME ICC; to see if our cataloging rules can be more similar; and perhaps to suggest proposals for an International Cataloguing Code.

This invitation only meeting is the third in a series of regional meetings of cataloguing experts and rule makers, planned by the IFLA Cataloguing Section. The first meeting (for Europe) was held in Frankfurt, Germany in July 2003 and was followed by the second meeting (for Latin America/Caribbean) held in Buenos Aires, Argentina in 2004. This 3rd meeting in Cario will be followed by meetings for Asia to be held at the National Library of Korea, Seoul, Korea August 2006, and the final meeting in 2007 for Africa in Pretoria, South Africa before the IFLA Conference.

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Welcome to the first interactive website of the National Libraries (NL) and the revised directory which has been made possible by a partnership between Texas A&M University Libraries (TAMUL) and the National Library of Hungary (NLH). Note that the website was designed for a resolution of 1280x1024 and you might have to adjust your resolution accordingly!

National Diet Library
National Diet Library( SCJ speak speak stiff body , universal English: National Diet Library) IsJapanOfLegislatorResearch , administration , and JapanPeopleProvide a service forLibraryBe . TheLegal Deposit SystemBased on in JapanPublicationJapan is the only legal deposit libraries to collect and preserve all of the publications . Ground installationNational Diet Library LawArticle 1 . National Diet Library , JapanLegislatureBeParliamentWhich belongs to the national agency , intended to assist the primary legislation of the National AssemblyParliamentary libraryBe . At the same time as the deposit library in Japan onlyNational libraryAlso serves to function as ,Administration-JusticeEach division and JapanPeopleWe also have service for . Facilities , library and central stipulated in Article 3 of the National Diet Library LawBranch LibrariesComposed . As the central libraryTokyo Main(TokyoChiyoda -kuNagata-cho) AndKansai-kan(KyotoSagara -gunSeikaElite units ) are located , also included with the Tokyo MainBranch AssemblyThere . As the branch libraryInternational Library of Children(TokyoTaitoUeno Park) , as well as judicial institutionsHall 1(Supreme Court Library)Branch Libraries Act and its staff located in each department of administration under the provisions of the National Diet Library( Law No. 101 of 1949 . Branch Library Act ) to government agencies onHall 25[2]Will be placed. The collection software such as books or music or movies , such as lending institutions providing services to the user view . Recently ,LibraryMany have been lost in the book not be returned . Declaration on the freedom of the libraryRevised 1979 Incorporated association Japan Library Association ( General Assembly resolution on May 30 , 1979) LibraryTheFundamental human rightsHaving the freedom to know the people as one of the materials and facilities to provide , and most important duty . To fulfill this mission ,LibraryMake sure to practice the following . 1LibraryHave the freedom agendas. The secondLibraryHas a free courtesy . ThirdLibraryThe secrecy of the user. FourthLibraryAre all against censorship . LibraryWhen freedom is violated , we have united to defend freedom only. National Diet Library is the only national library in Japan. The hotel is located in Article 130 of the National Assembly " in order to help members research , prescribed separately by law , the National Assembly to put the National Diet Library , " according to the provisions ofNational Diet Library LawBy 1948 (1948) was established . ThisNational Diet Library LawThe preamble to " free standing belief that the truth We believe , as a mission to contribute to world peace and democracy and the Constitution of Japan's pledge is established here, " and its founding principles Calling for in Article 2 "and collected books and other library materials , contribute to the performance of the duties of legislators , for administrative and judicial departments , the Japanese people to further the library service provided in this Act Offer "is defined and its purpose . National Diet Library , under the legal deposit system to comprehensively collect publications published in Japan , as well as long as you save the people's cultural assets to collect materials , and other forms of inventory and national bibliographic database Created , based on these materials (1)Parliament( National Assembly , parliament officials ), ( 2)Administrative and judicial departments( government ministries and the Supreme Court ), ( 3)People( The consumer and other public libraries , and council ) are made for services .


国立国会図書館言葉がかたく具体化させるSCJ言葉、 (普遍的な英語: 国立国会図書館)IsJapanOfLegislatorResearch、管理、およびJapanPeopleProvide aはforLibraryBeを調整します。JapanPublicationJapanでの存在TheLegal Deposit SystemBasedは、刊行物のすべてを集めて、保存する唯一の法定納本ライブラリです; 地面installationNational国会図書館LawArticle1国立国会図書館、JapanLegislatureBeParliamentWhichはNational AssemblyParliamentary libraryBeの第一の法律を補助することを意図する、国家の政府機関のものです; また、日本のonlyNational libraryAlsoが機能に機能する寄託図書館と同時に、政権-JusticeEach分割とJapanPeopleWeは国立国会図書館LawBranch LibrariesComposedのArticle3で. ライブラリの、そして、中央の施設のためのサービスを規定させています。中央のlibraryTokyo Main(TokyoChiyoda -kuNagata町)として、AndKansai-kan(KyotoSagara -gunSeikaEliteユニット)は見つけられていて、また、東京MainBranと共に含められています。ch AssemblyThereブランチlibraryInternational Children(TokyoTaitoUeno Park)、および司法institutionsHall1(最高裁判所図書館)支店図書館図書館条例と管理の各部に国立国会図書館(1949年の支店図書館条例の法則No.101)に関する条項の下に政府機関に位置するそのスタッフとして、onHall25 2は置かれるでしょう。 本か音楽などの収集ソフトウェアか. 最近のユーザ視点LibraryManyにサービスを提供する団体を与えなどなどの映画がありました。本で失われて、返されないでください; libraryRevised1979Incorporated協会の日本図書館協会(1979年5月30日の総会解決)のLibraryTheFundamentalの人間のrightsHavingの自由では、材料、提供する施設、および大部分の1つとして人々を知る自由は重要です。宣言、義務実現するために、これを使節を務めて、確実に以下の. 1LibraryHaveを練習するLibraryMakeは自由議題です。 secondLibraryHas aは礼儀ユーザのThirdLibraryThe秘密主義を解放します。 検閲LibraryWhen自由に対するすべてFourthLibraryAreは違反されて、私たちは、自由だけを防御するために結合しました。 国立国会図書館は日本で唯一の国立図書館です。 ホテルは、「国立国会図書館を置くために別々に法、国民議会によって処方されて、メンバーが研究するのを助ける」ために国民議会のArticle130に位置して、条項によると、ofNational国会図書館LawBy1948(1948)は設立されました; 「世界の平和、民主主義、および日本国憲法の誓約に貢献する任務がここに設立されるとき、真実Weが信じているという独立して立っている信念」、およびそのコネ設立原則CallingへのThisNational国会図書館LawThe序文、Article; そして、2、「本と他の図書館資料を集めて、この条例Offerに提供されたライブラリ・サービスを促進するために日本人が管理の、そして、司法の部に関して住ませる立法者の義務の性能に貢献する、「定義されていてその目的である、」; 国立国会図書館、あなたが材料、および他の用紙を集める人々の文化遺産を救うとき、長い間、刊行物は包括的に集める法定納本システムの下では、日本で発行されて、発行されました。 ( 2) ( 3) 目録とこれらの材料(1)議会に基づいた国家の書誌のデータベースCreated(国民議会、議会の職員)、管理の、そして、司法の部(政府省庁と最高裁判所)、人々(消費者、他の公立図書館、および協議会)はサービスのために作られています。

"National library" by a general usage often indicates the library where the country becomes the installation and a management subject from the viewpoint of the installation and the management subject. In this sense, the library that the corporation that the country besides the case that the country manages directly invests and the organization of the fund etc. manage might be indicated. The category of the national library will contain the library attached to the organization in the country named attached libraries such as Library of Congress, National Archives, government and municipal offices, and National Universities and libraries, etc. in which it is attached in facilities in the country. On the other hand, the classification "National library" that UNESCO uses to take statistics is defined more strictly. That is, national library (National libraries) indicates the library where it provides with the following requirements according to the definition of "Recommendation 1 concerning international standardization of library statistics" adopted in General Conference of UNESCO. * 3. 2 (a) The library that drinks and corresponds to [teigi] is classified into as follows and subdivision belongs. * Library that has responsibility of acquisition of all important publications issued in country concerned by law or other rules irrespective of (a) national library name, preservations, and carrying out function as "Delivering books" library. Moreover, this kind of library has either of function usually and as follows. * The function to make the national catalogue, to store a large amount of typical collection of the document of the foreign country (Books concerning the home country are included), to always maintain this, to do the business as the nationwide document clearing house, to edit the union catalog, retroactive in the past, and to publish the national catalogue is possessed. * Do not classify the one that the function doesn't correspond to the definition of this (a) into "National library" even if it is a library named "National". Thus, it is defined that the national library is a library with the function of the material published in one country to collect and to preserve covering it the publication is accepted covering it by the system of delivering books. In addition, the key function of the national library is to make, to publish a nationwide bibliography that puts bibliography information in all the publications that circulate in the country by using the material collected covering it, and to organize and to offer the bibliography and table information on the whole country networking doing all domestic libraries. The national library might not limit the range made the object of the collecting data and the nationwide bibliography making to one country, include even writing by the Liberal-Democratic Party family published in many parts of the world and the writing of the home country language, and the function in this meaning be "Library of people (nation). " according to the meaning of a word. As for the national library that UNESCO defines, each country depends for jurisdiction in the name, the installation mode, and the administration etc. and it is various. It might be assumed, the library of national, Hebrew university 2 is "National library" such as the assumption of an attached library of the assembly (assembly in the United States and Diet in Japan) such as the United States and Japan, and "National library" Israel.

一般的な用法による「国立図書館」は、設置・運営主体の観点から、国が設置・運営主体となる図書館を指すことが多い。この意味では、国が直接運営する場合のほか、国が出資する法人、基金等の機関が運営する図書館を指す場合もある。議会図書館、国立公文書館、官公庁や国立大学などの付属図書館といった、国の機関に付属する図書館や、国の施設に付置する図書館なども、国立図書館の範疇に含むことになる。 これに対して、ユネスコが統計に用いる「国立図書館」という分類は、より厳密に定義される。すなわち、国立図書館 (National libraries) とは、ユネスコ総会で採択された「図書館統計の国際的な標準化に関する勧告[1]」の定義によれば、以下の要件を備える図書館を指す。 * 3. 2 (a) の定義に該当する図書館を次の通りに分類し及び細分類する。 * (a) 国立図書館 呼称のいかんを問わず、法律又は他の規則により、当該国において発行されたすべての重要な出版物を取得し及び保存し並びに「納本」図書館としての機能を果たす責任を有する図書館。また、この種の図書館は、通常、次のいずれかの機能を有する。 * 全国出版物目録を作成し、外国の文献(自国に関する図書を含む。)の大量の代表的コレクションを収蔵し及びこれを常時整備し、全国文献情報センターとしての業務を行ない、総合目録を編集し、並びに、過去に遡及して全国出版物目録を刊行する機能を有する。 * 「国立」と呼称されている図書館であっても、その機能がこの (a) の定義に相当しないものは、「国立図書館」に分類してはならない。 このように、国立図書館は、納本制度によって出版物を網羅的に受け入れ、一国の中で出版された資料の網羅的に収集・保存する機能をもつ図書館であると定義される。さらに国立図書館は、網羅的に収集した資料を利用して、その国で流通する全ての出版物の書誌情報を収めた全国書誌を作成・出版すること、国内の図書館全てをネットワークして全国の書誌・目録情報を編成・提供することなどを主要な機能とする。国立図書館は、資料収集と全国書誌作成の対象とする範囲を一国に限らず、世界各地で出版された自民族による著作、自国言語の著作まで含める場合もあり、この意味での機能は語義通り「国民 (nation) の図書館」である。 ユネスコが定義する国立図書館については、その名称や設置形態、行政上の所管などは、国ごとによって様々である。アメリカ合衆国や日本のように議会(米国の議会、日本の国会)の付属図書館が「国立図書館」とされる場合や、イスラエルのように国立ヘブライ大学[2]の図書館が「国立図書館」とされる場合もある。

NATIONAL LIBRARY WEBSITES The following national libraries currently maintain websites. Some of these libraries also make their catalogue freely available via the web. For more information, see our guide to national library catalogues. Albania: Biblioteka Komb奏are (National Library of Albania) Algeria: Biblioth述ue Nationale d'Alg屍ie (National Library of Algeria) Andorra: Biblioteca Nacional d'Andorra (National Library of Andorra) Argentina: Biblioteca Nacional de la Rep彙lica Argentina (National Library of Argentina) Argentina: Instituto Nacional de Musicolog誕 "Carlos Vega" (National Institute of Musicology) Armenia: National Library of Armenia Aruba: Biblioteca Nacional Aruba (National Library of Aruba) Australia: National Library of Australia Austria: sterreichische Nationalbibliothek (Austrian National Library) Azerbaijan: Natsional'naia biblioteka imeni M.F. Akhundova (National Library of Azerbaijan) Bahamas: College of the Bahamas Library Bangladesh: National Archives and National Library of Bangladesh Belarus: Natsional'naia Biblioteka Belarusi (National Library of Belarus) Belgium: Biblioth述ue Royale de Belgique (Royal Library of Belgium) Belize: National Library Service of Belize Benin: Biblioth述ue Nationale du B始in (National Library of Benin) Bermuda: Bermuda National Library Bhutan: National Library of Bhutan Bolivia: Biblioteca Nacional de Bolivia (National Library of Bolivia) Bosnia and Herzegovina: Nacionalna i univerzitetska biblioteka Bosne i Hercegovine (National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Brazil: Biblioteca Nacional (National Library of Brazil) Brunei: Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka Brunei Library Bulgaria: Narodna Biblioteka "Sv. Sv. Kiril i Metodii" (Sts. Cyril and Methodius National Library of Bulgaria) Burkina Faso: Biblioth述ue nationale du Burkina (National Library of Burkina Faso) Canada: Libraries and Archives Canada Canada: Biblioth述ue et archives nationales du Qu暫ec (National Library and Archives of Quebec) Cape Verde: Biblioteca Nacional de Cabo Verde (National Library of Cape Verde) Chile: Biblioteca Nacional de Chile (National Library of Chile) China: National Library of China Colombia: Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia (National Library of Colombia) Comoros: Biblioth述ue nationale des Comores (National Library of the Comoros) Costa Rica: Biblioteca National Miguel Obreg溶 Lizano (National Library of Costa Rica) Costa Rica: Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social (National Library of Health and Social Security) Croatia: Nacionalna i Sveucilisna Knjiznica (National and University Library) Cuba: Biblioteca Nacional "Jos Marti" (National Library of Cuba) Cyprus: Kypriake Vivliotheke (Cyprus Library) Czech Republic: Nrodn Knihovna CR (National Library of the Czech Republic) Denmark: Det Kongelige Bibliotek (Royal Library) Dominican Republic: Biblioteca Nacional Pedro Henrique Ure紡 (National Library of the Dominican Republic) Egypt: Dar el Kotob (National Library) Egypt: Egyptian National Agricultural Library El Salvador: Biblioteca Nacional de El Salvador (National Library of El Salvador) Estonia: Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu (National Library of Estonia) Ethiopia: National Library of Ethiopia Faroe Islands: Fソroya Landsb楊asavn (National Library of the Faroe Islands) Finland: Kansalliskirjasto (National Library of Finland) France: Biblioth述ue nationale de France (National Library of France) Georgia: National Parliamentary Library of Georgia Germany: Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (German National Library) Greece: Ethnike Bibliotheke tes Hellados (National Library of Greece) Greenland: Nunatta Atuagaateqarfia (Public and National Library of Greenland) Guatemala: Biblioteca Nacional de Guatemala (National Library of Guatemala) Guinea-Bissau: Biblioteca P彙lica do Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisa (Public Library of the National Institute of Study and Research) Guyana: National Library of Guyana Hungary: Orszgos Sz残h始yi K嗜yvtr (National Szechenyi Library ) Iceland: Landsb楊asafn 黌lands - Hsk様ab楊asafn (National and University Library of Iceland) India: National Library of India India: National Science Library Indonesia: Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia (National Library of the Republic of Indonesia) Iran: National Library of Iran Iraq: Iraqi National Library and Archives Ireland: National Library of Ireland Israel: Jewish National and University Library Italy: Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale Firenze (National Central Library Florence) Italy: Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma (National Central Library in Rome) Jamaica: National Library of Jamaica Japan: National Diet Library Jordan: National Library Kazakhstan: Natsional'naia Biblioteka Respubliki Kazakhstan (National Library of Kazakhstan) Kenya: National Library Service Korea (South): National Library of Korea Kosovo: Biblioteka Komb?re dhe Universitare e Kosov?(National and University Library of Kosovo) Kuwait: National Library of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan: National Library of the Kyrgyz Republic Latvia: Latvijas Nacionala Biblioteka (National Library of Latvia) Lebanon: Bakleen National Library Libya: National Library of Libya Liechtenstein: Liechtensteinische Landesbibliothek (Liechtenstein State Library) Lithuania: Lietuvos Nacionaline Martyno Mazvydo Biblioteka (Martynas Mazvydas National Library of Lithuania) Luxembourg: Biblioth述ue Nationale de Luxembourg (National Library of Luxembourg) Macedonia: Narodna i univerzitetska biblioteka "Sv. Kliment Ohridski" (National and University Library "St. Kliment Ohridski") Malaysia: Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (National Library of Malaysia) Maldives: National Library of Maldives Malta: National Library of Malta Mauritius: National Library of Mauritius Mexico: Biblioteca Nacional de M支ico (National Library of Mexico) Moldova: Biblioteca Nationala a Republicii Moldova (National Library of Moldova) Monaco: Biblioth述ue Louis Notari Montenegro: Centralna narodna biblioteka Crne Gore (Central National Library of Montenegro) Morocco: Biblioth述ue G始屍ale et Archives (National Library and Archives of Morocco) Namibia: National Library of Namibia Nepal: Nepal National Library Netherlands: Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Royal Library) New Zealand: National Library of New Zealand Nicaragua: Biblioteca Nacional Rub始 Drio (National Library of Nicaragua) Nicaragua: Biblioteca Nacional de Salud (National Health Library) Norway: Nasjonalbiblioteket (National Library of Norway) Oman: Sultan Qaboos University Library Pakistan: National Library of Pakistan Panama: Biblioteca Nacional de Panam (National Library of Panama) Peru: Biblioteca Nacional del Per (National Library of Peru) Philippines: National Library of the Philippines Poland: Biblioteka Narodowa (National Library of Poland) Portugal: Biblioteca Nacional (National Library of Portugal) Romania: Biblioteca Nationala a Rom穎iei (National Library of Romania) Russia: Rossiiskaia Natsional'naia Biblioteka (Russian National Library, St. Petersburg) Russia: Rossiiskaia Gosudarstvennaia Biblioteka (Russian State Library, Moscow) Saudi Arabia: King Fahad National Library Scotland: National Library of Scotland Senegal: Archives Nationales du S始使al Serbia: Narodna Biblioteka Srbije (National Library of Serbia) Seychelles: Seychelles National Library Singapore: National Library Board Slovak Republic: Slovensk Nrodn Kniznica (Slovak National Library) Slovenia: Narodna in Univerzitetna Knjiznica (National and University Library) South Africa: National Library of South Africa Spain: Biblioteca Nacional de Espa紡 (National Library of Spain) Spain: Biblioteca de Catalunya (Library of Catalonia) Sri Lanka: National Library and Documentation Centre Swaziland: Swaziland National Library Service Sweden: Kungliga Biblioteket (Royal Library of Sweden) Switzerland: Schweizerische Landesbibliothek / Biblioth述ue Nationale Suisse (Swiss National Library) Syria: Al-Assad National Library Taiwan: National Central Library Thailand: National Library of Thailand Trinidad and Tobago: National Library and Information System Tunisia: Biblioth述ue Nationale (National Library of Tunisia) Turkey: Mill K殳殫hane (National Library of Turkey) Uganda: National Library of Uganda Ukraine: Natsional'na Biblioteka Ukraini imeni V.I. Vernads'kogo (Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine) United Arab Emirates: Abu Dhabi Authority for Culture and Heritage National Library United Kingdom: British Library United Kingdom: National Art Library United States: Library of Congress United States: National Agricultural Library United States: National Library of Medicine Uruguay: Biblioteca Nacional (National Library of Uruguay) Uzbekistan: National Library of Uzbekistan Vanuatu: National Library of Vanuatu Vatican City: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana Venezuela: Biblioteca Nacional (National Library) Vietnam: National Library of Vietnam Wales: National Library of Wales Zimbabwe: National Archives of Zimbabwe, National Reference Library


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